Peggy’s Weaving Tips > How to fix crossed warp threads

When you begin weaving you might discover crossed warp threads.

When you make a shed, you may see one or more threads sitting in the center of the shed, and you can’t tell whether they belong in the top or bottom layer of warps. Check first to see if it’s a loose thread sagging into the shed. More than likely, it’s a crossed warp thread.

You can quickly tell if a crossed thread is the problem by reaching into the open shed and feeling for any tight warp threads, which indicate crossed threads. If the threads are crossed in any way, they won’t weave and eventually, will impede your weaving. They must be corrected; the problem won’t go away.

It’s most likely that two threads have been crossed between the heddles and reed or among the heddles. Look behind the reed to see if a thread is crossing over an adjacent thread. See Figure A. This problem results when you sley the reed with two or more threads in improper order.

Weaving Error, Crossed Threads A
Weaving Error, Crossed Threads A
Threads may be crossed in the heddles, too. Look carefully, because it’s harder to see crossed threads in the heddles. See Figure B.

Weaving Error, Crossed Threads B
Weaving Error, Crossed Threads B
Repairing Weaving Errors C
Repairing Weaving Errors C

To correct the problem, untie the knot on the apron rod or cut the crossed threads and rearrange them in the correct order. If there is a little bit of cloth woven already, you’re in luck and don’t have to untie the knot on the apron rod. Follow the threads you are going to rearrange as far back into the woven cloth as you can and cut them at that point. See Figures C and D.

Repairing Weaving Errors D
Repairing Weaving Errors D
It will give you enough thread to put on a pin like a cleat to re-tension them after repositioning. See Figure E.

Repairing Weaving Errors E
Repairing Weaving Errors E

The above tip is an excerpt from:
“Weaving for Beginners” and Book 3: “Weaving and Drafting Your Own Cloth“. It is from the Troubleshooting Chapter.


 

 

7 thoughts on “Peggy’s Weaving Tips > How to fix crossed warp threads”

  1. could please help me I am new to weaving and I am coming across a problem With my warp threads.
    when I get part way up my loom the threads keep flicking grove out of the heddle.
    thank you sue

    Reply
  2. Peggy, thank you so much for putting this helpful guidance on your website! These diagrams and your explanations of the ways to check for crossed warp threads was exactly what we needed to diagnose and fix our problem. You saved us countless hours of frustration. Thank you!

    Reply
  3. I had a couple of threads twisted around the heddle itself because i threaded them from the wrong side – before I got my technique figured out. It would have been much easier to follow the thread to the beginning of the warp bundle and snip there, and then rethread correctly to tie it back in! I didn’t find your advice until I had clipped the thread where I found the mistake – about half way through beaming on! I knew I couldn’t continue beaming on because the thread would break, as did one of them already. Thank you for your valuable advice.

    Reply
  4. Peggy
    I am a new weaving. I had many broken warp threads some in the same heddle. Not sure why.

    Also when I removed the wrap the loops on the end, how do I pull the loops through?

    Reply
    • Do you have my book Weaving for Beginners? I wrote it for you with a huge number of illustrations. Off the top of my head I would say you cut the loops in the warp threads so they can go through the heddles when you want to take the warp off at the end. If your heddles are metal it could be that there is a rough spot on the heddles where the broken ends appear.
      Peggy

      Reply

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